Conditions and Treatments

Bladder Cancer

SYMPTOMS

A lot of patients with bladder cancer have no obvious symptoms. Blood in the urine is the main symptom. Sometimes the blood is visible but most of the time it is not visible and only seen on the microscope and is usually painless.

RISK FACTORS

The following factors increase your risk for bladder cancer: 

  • Cigarette smoking: Estimated to cause 50% of bladder cancers
  • Exposure to inductrial chemicals
  • Chronic bladder inflammation
  • Chemotherapy or radiation therapy for other cancers
  • Men are at higher risk than women
  • Family history

EVALUATION & DIAGNOSIS

Once aware of the blood in the urine, your provider will do a thorough history and physical. Some of the tests s/he may do to evaluate whether cancer is present are:

  • Ultrasound of urinary tract
  • Urine cytology to check for cancer cells
  • Urine FISH: A test that checks for cancer DNA
  • Cystoscopy
  • CT scan and /or intravenous Pyelogram

TREATMENT

Treatment depends on the stage of the disease, the type of cancer, the patient’s age and overall health. Your physician will develop a personalized treatment plan to meet your individual needs. Options include:

  • Transurethral Resection
  • Radical Cystectomy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation
  • Immunotherapy